Royal Law

The Kingdom of Paratorna and All Its Blessed Colonies
Imperial Law Revision 42, Criminal Aspects

The general purposes of these laws are to forbid and prevent conduct that inflicts or threatens substantial harm to the interests of the crown or those persons belonging to the crown (hereafter called citizens); to safeguard conduct that is without culpability from condemnation as criminal; to give fair warning of the nature of the conduct declared to constitute an offense; to differentiate on reasonable grounds between serious and minor offenses, and to prescribe proportionate penalties for each.

The preamble of this work, directly above, shall be construed according to the fair import of its terms; when the language of these laws are susceptible of differing constructions they shall be interpreted to further the general purposes stated above.

Article the First, Culpability (I)

In respect to the culpability of the perpetrator of a criminal act or potential criminal act, a person may be Witnessed as appropriate in such circumstances as he or she is responsible for the commission or near commission of a crime if he or she willingly cause it directly or through another, or he or she cause it out of abuse of service or negligence to citizens, or is reckless in the commission or near commission of such an act, though he or she have no intent toward said act.

Failing these qualifications, any citizen is held blameless of offense.

Article the Second, Defenses (II)

In any case where the conditions of the above article regarding culpability are met by any citizen belonging to the crown, that citizen is held blameless of said crime if he or she can justify the act or attempted act by successful presentation of a defense, as defined here.

No person in the Empire shall be placed in legal peril for protecting by any reasonable means necessary, the good interest and preservation of the crown.

No person in the Empire shall be placed in legal peril for protecting by any reasonable means necessary, himself or herself, his or her family, or his or her property, or for coming to the aid of another who is in imminent danger of or the victim of a forceful crime involving bodily harm or destruction of property, unlawful restraint or asportation of person or property, or violent offense to the personal wellbeing of those citizens Witnessed to be gentlemen or ladies.

No act committed by a person while in a state of voluntary intoxication shall be deemed less criminal by reason of his condition, but the fact of his intoxication may be taken into consideration in determining punishments.

In all cases, citizens are expected to commit no illegal act unnecessary for defense, or any act to any degree more forceful than necessary for defense.

Article the Third, Crimes (III)

Treason – it is unlawful to speak or act in a manner injurious to the crown, to cause harm to the security or the honor of the Empire or its rulers. Offenders are to be struck by the headman’s axe to effect decapitation.

Murder – it is unlawful to deprive the crown, by willful act, the life of any citizen. Accidental death shall be Witnessed according to circumstances of the deceased’s involvement in those acts that led to his or her demise. Offenders are to be hung by the neck until dead.

Violent Attack – it is unlawful to cause physical harm to a citizen, except where that citizen may seek harm, such as in the case of a lawful duel in accordance with recognized dueling code, or voluntary submission to a physiker’s craft. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time determined by the court equal the severity of the attack.

Asportation – it is unlawful to inhibit or control the movements of any citizen, save by due implementation of the duties of a Witness. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time determined by the court equal the severity of the asportation.

Theft – it is unlawful to take the property of another without expressed consent of the owner or without due, voluntary exchange of commerce. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time determined by the court equal the severity of the theft, in addition to causing monetary compensation to the victim of an amount equal to the victim’s loss.

Arson – it is unlawful to cause the destruction of buildings upon another’s land without the expressed consent of the property’s owner. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time determined by the court equal the severity of the destroyed property, in addition to causing monetary compensation to the victim of an amount equal to the victim’s loss.

Trespass – it is unlawful to tread upon the land or within the building of a place where one has no right to tread, by lack of invitation, or in the case of public buildings, by treading therein at a time when no real or lawful business ought to be conducted there. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time determined by the court equal to the severity of the trespass.

Public Disturbance – it is unlawful to assemble in a manner that is raucous and in conflict with the public peace. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time necessary to affect his or her sobriety, or by a further length of time determined by the court equal to the severity of the disturbance.

Obstructing the Crown – it is unlawful to give any lie to a Witness who is in pursuit of justice, to attempt to sway the duties or judgment of a Witness by bribery, to attempt to bar a Witness in the normal pursuit of his or her duties, or to evade arrest or questioning by a Witness. Offenders are to be imprisoned for a length of time determined by the court equal the severity of the obstruction.

Royal Law

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